Revised requirements for BNW discussions:

Discussion Leader Requirements:

Grading Sheet: Discussion Leader Grading Sheet - Revised BNW.pdf

1. Meet with Mr. Stephens at least two days before your scheduled presentation.
2. Clearly label your work on the wiki page with the questions. (Mr. Stephens)
3. You must upload your Keynote to the wiki page for your group on either the D or G block page.

Part 1 Analysis (15 minutes: 5 minutes per person)

The following must be posted on your round two wiki page before your scheduled presentation:
Block D Semester 2
Block G Semester 2

Overview: your group will prepare a Keynote that contains the following elements, but it will not receive a group grade. Each person will contribute one theme slide, one critical passage slide, and one literary element slide. You must put your name on each of the slides that you contribute. The whole group will work together to complete the final 6-trait slide. This is meant to be a presentation like you completed for Macbeth (presentation reminder), but you do not need to use visual images.

Theme : (Each person one slide; themes must not be the same)

  • Identify one theme in your section. See below for ways to identify themes in a work of literature. Also, see the Brave New World page for ideas in theme identification. Remember, a theme is the central, underlying, and controlling idea of a literary work. It is a generalization about human conduct that may be serious or comic, profound or unsurprising. A theme is not a subject or an activity or a conflict.
  • your keynote slide must include a quote from the text that supports your theme, and a statement of the theme.
  • no bullet points

Critical Passage: (Each person one slide; passages must be different)

  • Identify one critical section in the text. This should be a longer quotation.
  • only place the quotation on the slide
  • your passage could reveal important characterization, or other insights that reveal what Huxley is satirizing in BNW.

Literary Devices: (Each person one slide; don't use the same example)

  • Identify two literary devices in the section. Look for any of the following: metaphor, simile, imagery, irony, juxtaposition, symbolism, allusion, alliteration, personification, etc.
  • Explain Huxley’s likely purpose in using the device.
  • quote the device on the slide
  • be prepared to explain how the device contributes to the novel

6-Trait Identification and analysis: (one slide per group)

  • Explain how Huxley utilizes one of the 6-traits in BNW (student_version_writing_scoring_guide.pdf)
  • you must use language from the scoring guide when discussing the trait
  • Make sure you include one direct quotation from the text to illustrate your explanation of the trait.

  • Remember to clearly label your work. (put your name on your keynote slides)
  • You will be asked to share your analysis at the beginning of your presentation. Part of your grade will be based on your ability to clearly explain your ideas.

Part 2 Discussion (required, 30-35 minutes) and Activity (optional, 10 minutes maximum)

Your discussion questions and activities must be posted to the Brave New World wiki page by 6:00pm the night before your discussion.

Goal: Help the class understand, analyze, and reflect upon your assigned section. Be creative, but also keep make sure there is time for substantial discussion. See this link for some examples from Jane Eyre discussions:
Example Discussion Questions and Activities from Jane Eyre

  • Use the whole class discussion format (see below for requirements)
  • Use a different discussion format (fishbowl for example)
  • Use a trial or debate format

Requirement: You must post some sort of discussion preparation assignment to help students prepare for your activity, and it must be at lest as substantial as the class discussion question requirement. You preparation must include the use of questions.

  • Each group member must contribute questions
  • clearly label the questions you contribute
  • during the discussion and activity, each member must contribute equally; if you don't talk or rarely talk, your individual grade will be lower. Also, those of you who tend to talk a lot - give other people an opportunity.
  • use the Preparing Questions and Leading a Discussion materials below.


Theme is the central, underlying, and controlling idea of a literary work. It is a generalization about human conduct that may be serious or comic, profound or unsurprising. A theme is not a subject or an activity or a conflict. A theme implies a subject and a predicate of some kind – not just vice in general, but some such proposition as “Vice seems more interesting than virtue but turns out to be destructive.” “Human wishes” is a topic or subject; the “vanity of human wishes” is a theme.

Ask the following questions to help determine theme:
• How has the main character change?
• What lessons has he or she learned?
• What is the central conflict in the work?
• What is the subject of the work?
• What does the author say about the subject?
• Can this idea be supported entirely by evidence from the work itself?
• Are all the author’s choices of plot, character, conflict, and tone controlled by this idea?

A concrete example from Macbeth:
subjects/topics: ambition, leadership, violence
theme: unchecked ambition is destructive
theme: a just leader puts the good of the governed above personal ambition
theme: the unjust or uncontrolled use of violence leads to more violence

Preparing Questions and Leading a Discussion:

1. Prepare Questions in four categories: factual, interpretive, evaluative, and other. You need 3-4 quality questions in each category.
2. Your questions need to posted to the wiki page that corresponds to the text we are reading in class. (Dracula for example)
3. Your questions must be posted 24 hours before you presentation.
4. Use the following types of questions / comments to keep the conversation going:
  • Where do you see that in the text?
  • How does that support your idea?
  • Does anyone have an idea we haven't heard?
  • Can you explain what you mean?
  • Why do you think __ ?
  • Have you heard an answer you agree with?
  • Why do you like that answer?

Types of Questions:

Factual Questions: A factual question has only one correct answer that can be supported with evidence from the text.
Interpretive Questions : An interpretive question has more than one answer that can be supported with evidence from the text. Often begins with "WHY."
Evaluative Questions: An evaluative question asks us to decide whether we agree with the author's ideas or point of view in light of our knowledge, values, or experiences of life. This is where you might as questions about the historical context of Dracula. For example, "How does Mina compare the the stereotypical Victorian woman?"
Other Questions: Questions that interest you, but don't seem to fit in the other categories. Maybe connections with other texts we have read.

Also ponder the following ideas when writing discussion questions, but DO NOT write the following type of question: "What is the theme in Dracula?" or "What is symbolic in Dracula?" You need to identify the themes, symbols and ask questions about them. For example, "What does blood symbolize in Dracula?" Most of these ideas will fall into the evaluative question category.
  • setting
  • plot structure
  • character motivations (often a good source for interpretive questions)
  • conflict
  • point of view
  • theme
  • writing style
  • symbols
  • tone (the author's attitude toward the subject or the audience implied in a literary work; tone may be formal, informal, intimate, solemn, somber, playful, serious, ironic, condescending, etc.)